Imagine the world without the contributions of the great scientists. Imagine the world without television, radio, mobile phones, computer, medicines, vaccines, electricity, and many other such things without which life would have been more difficult, regressive and retrograde. Scientists throughout the history of the world have dedicated their lives for researches and innovations that would be conducive to the betterment of human lives. Scientists have modernized the human race and are still doing it.
Greatest Scientists of All Time
Here is a list of the top 10 Best Scientists in the World:
Aristotle (384BC- 322BC) was a Greek philosopher and scientist born in Greece. He studied under Plato and therefore learned much about the great philosophic traditions of Socrates. He was the tutor of Alexander the Great and his writings covered a wide variety of subjects including physics, zoology, biology, ethics, logic, poetry, aesthetics, metaphysics, theater, music, rhetoric, linguistics, politics and government – and constitute the first comprehensive system of Western philosophy. Aristotle is often regarded as the father of psychology. Many believe he contributed more to prescience psychology than any other person, both qualitatively and quantitatively. Aristotle described the psyche as a substance able to receive knowledge. Knowledge is obtained through the psyche’s capability of intelligence, although the five senses are also necessary to obtain knowledge. Aristotle’s views on physical science profoundly shaped medieval scholarship. This great scientist died at the age of 62 in 322 BC.
9. Stephen Hawking
Stephen William Hawking, born on 8th January 1942, is an English theoretical scientist, physicist, cosmologist, author and the Director of Research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology within the University of Cambridge. He has contributed a lot in the field of quantum relativity, general relativity and considered as the greatest scientist of the twentieth century after Einstein. He is known for his remarkable big bang theory and black hole theory. Though he is now paralyzed yet his physical illness could not stop him from continuing his researches and he teaches at University of Cambridge. His contributions throughout has won him several laurels and prestigious awards.
8. Marie Curie
Marie Sklodowska Curie (7 November 1867 – 4 July 1934) was a Polish physicist and chemist. She was a pioneer in the field of radioactivity and the only person honored with Nobel Prizes in two different sciences. She was the first woman to have become a professor at the University of Paris and also the first woman to be entombed on her own merits in the Pantheon in Paris. Her accomplishments include the creation of a theory of radioactivity, techniques for isolating radioactive isotopes, and the discovery of two new elements, radium and polonium. It was under her personal direction that the world’s first studies were conducted into the treatment of neoplasms, using radioactive isotopes.
7. Thomas Edison
Thomas Alva Edison (11th February 1847 –18th October 1931) was an American inventor and scientist. His genius gave us light bulb, motion picture camera, phonograph, battery for mechanical car, electronic vote recorders, stock ticker. His inventions are in various fields used in our daily life. In his early years, he was thought to have a learning and he could not read till he was twelve. He has also done many inventions in the field of telecommunications and is also known for the invention of the telegraph system. He was one of the first inventors to apply the principles of mass production and large-scale teamwork to the process of invention, and for that reason, he is often credited with the creation of the first industrial research laboratory.
6. Charles Darwin
Charles Robert Darwin (12th February 1809 – 19th April 1882) was English Natural scientist, geologist. He is best known for his contributions to the evolutionary theory- showing how Man evolved from lower life forms. Darwin stated that human beings have evolved through many changes and survival of the fittest was an important factor in the development of animal world. He was the most controversial scientist of that time as his views were contradictory to those preached at that time. Darwin’s scientific discovery remains the foundation of biology, as it provides a unifying logical explanation for the diversity of life. The book “On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection” has changed the course of science radically.
5. Galileo Galilei
Galileo Galilei (15th February 1564 – 8th January 1642), popularly known Galileo, was an Italian astronomer, physicist, mathematician, philosopher who played a crucial role in the scientific revolution. Galileo has been referred to as the “Father of Modern Observational Astronomy”, the “Father of Modern Physics”, the “father of science”, and “the Father of Modern Science.” his contributions mainly lie in the development of Telescope, first two laws of motion and also in Astronomy. Galileo was the first scientist who followed the way of quantitative experiments in his research where the result was based on mathematics but unfortunately he had to suffer a lot from the church for his theories. He was sentenced to life imprisonment for his support for the Copernican theory that the sun was at the center of the solar system.
4. Alessandro Volta
Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio Volta (18th February 1745- 5th March 1827) was an Italian physicist best known for his contributions to the development of electric battery in the 1800s. In 1800 he could make voltaic pile which could produce steady electric current. He then worked on developing the electric bulb. For his work in the electric development, he was given a count by Napoleon and the Emperor of Austria honored him naming him a professor of Philosophy at Padova. For his honor, an electric unit Volt was named after him. He is also the discoverer of methane gas.
3. Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein (14th March 1879 – 18th April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist and the most celebrated scientist of the twentieth century and notable physicist of all time. He could not talk until he was three and could not read until he was eight. Despite such problems, he later became the noble prize winner for his contribution to the Physics. He is known for the general theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern science alongside quantum mechanics. His theory of relativity is considered as a revolutionary development of Physics. He got Noble Prize in Physics in 1921 for his explanation of the Photoelectric Effect and for his research in Theoretical physics. He also formulated the theory of Brownian motion.
2. Louis Pasteur
Louis Pasteur (27th December 1822- 28th September 1895), the French chemist and microbiologist is one of the most famous contributors in the medical science. He is mostly renowned for the discoveries of principles of vaccination, microbial fermentation and pasteurization. He first introduced the germ theory of diseases, which is now regarded as the base of today’s microbiology. He also discovered that there are certain types of viruses which cannot be seen through the microscope. He also successfully invented a way to pasteurize milk and make it safe from Tuberculosis. He also developed antidotes and cures to dangerous illnesses such as anthrax and rabies. Pasteur is popularly known as the “Father of Microbiology.
1. Isaac Newton
Sir Isaac Newton (25th December 1642- 20th march 1727) was an English physicist mathematician, astronomer, alchemist, and natural philosopher. He is best known for his explanation of Universal Gravitation and three laws of motion, and he was able to prove that the reasons of both the motion of objects on Earth and of celestial bodies are controlled by the same Neutral laws. We all know the story behind the discovery of gravity. He was sitting in a graveyard when he saw an apple falling off a tree. He thought why did the apple fell down and didn’t go up in the air. That was the time he started working on this law. In mechanical science, his great contribution was in optics. He could make a reflecting telescope. He also made some researches on light and stars. His research on General Binomial Theorem helped to be introduced today’s Calculus.
These are the greatest scientists of all time.